Lower Back Pain Causes & Treatment: Left & Right Side

Lower back pain is an issue of concern and it’s causes are difficult to understand. Low back is an incredibly well-engineered structure that connects joints, bones, ligaments, nerves, and muscles to support, strength, and flexibility. But, this intricate structure makes the lower back vulnerable to injury and discomfort. In this article, We have put together causes, symptoms, and treatment of left and right side lower back pain.

▶ Lower back pain symptoms

Several symptoms can accompany lower back discomfort. It could be minor, disturbing, or severe. The agony in the lower back may begin in a flash or start slowly, possibly recurring, and gradually worsen as time passes.

The root causes of discomfort, and the symptoms, maybe felt in various ways. Examples:

  • Flashing ache spreading from the lower back and moves towards the thighs, and sometimes to the feet or lower legs. It can also cause numbness or sensations of tingling (sciatica).
  • The itchy and dull feeling and tightening in low back.
  • Problems standing straight, walking, or moving between sitting and standing
  • Staying between 6 weeks to 8 weeks. This kind of agony is typically mechanical (such as joint strain or muscle strain) but can be increased in duration. In this case, an examination by a doctor could be considered and recommended if the suffering is intense and hinders the capacity to engage in routine activities like sleeping and working, and exercising.

▶ Lower back pain causes

The spine is a significant problem. Osteoporosis could cause back discomfort. The backbones of humans comprise a complicated structure of ligaments, muscle disks, tendons, and bones. These help to provide support to the body and enable us to move.

The vertebrae of the spine are protected by cartilage-like pads known as disks. Any of these components may cause back discomfort. In some instances of back discomfort, the causes are unclear.

The causes of damage can also include injuries, medical conditions, poor posture, and other reasons.


Back discomfort typically results from anxiety, strain, or mild to severe injury. The most frequent causes of back discomfort include:

  • Ligaments or muscles that are strained
  • Damaged disks
  • Muscle stress

Muscles convulsion events that can cause spasms or strains are:

  • Picking up something heavy
  • Making an abnormal, unusual motion
  • Structural issues
  • Lifting something in wrong position.

Disks with ruptures

Disks cushion each vertebra in the spine. If the disk breaks, extra pressure will place more tension on nerves, which could cause back discomfort.

Arthritis Osteoarthritis may cause issues with joints in the lower back, hips, and various other locations. In some instances, the space surrounding the spine contracts. It is called spinal stenosis.

An abnormal spine curve

  • When the spinal column is curving unusually, it can cause back pain. One example is the condition known as scoliosis, where the spine curves towards the side.
  • Movements and postures.
  • Kidney issues, kidney stones, or kidney infections can trigger back discomfort.
  • Osteoporosis Bones, like the spine’s vertebrae, become porous and brittle, increasing the risk of compression fractures.
  • A hunched or slouchy sitting posture when working on consoles could cause shoulder and back ache as time passes.

Examples also include:

  1. Bending out of shape
  2. Sneezing or coughing
  3. Muscle pressure
  4. Over-stretching
  5. Pushing in, pulling, lifting or transporting, or carrying heavy items.
  6. Sitting or standing for prolonged durations
  7. Neck, as when driving or working with computers
  8. Lengthy driving routine with no break, even when sitting in a hunch.
💡 Certain medical conditions may also cause back aches.

Cauda Equine Syndrome

Cauda horse is the spinal nerve root that originates from the lower part of the spinal cord. The symptoms include a little discomfort in your lower back and the upper buttocks, as well as weakness in the buttocks, the genitalia, and thighs. Sometimes, there are bladder and bowel proper functionality issues.

Spinal cancer

A tumor in the spine can press against nerves and can cause suffering in the lower back. A fever and a sore in the back can cause spinal infection that originates back aches.

Pelvic inflammatory disease and kidney or bladder infections can cause back tenderness.

Sleep problems

Individuals with sleep problems are more likely to suffer lower back tenderness than other individuals.


A condition that may disturb nerves could cause back issues.

Risk factors

The following elements are related to the greater chances of developing lower back issues:

  1. Activities that trigger soreness
  2. When mother is conceiving a child
  3. An unhealthy lifestyle
  4. Lack of physical strength
  5. Older age
  6. Overweight
  7. Smoking
  8. Intense exercises that are not done correctly.
  9. Genetic influences

Women are more likely to be affected by lower back discomfort due to hormonal reasons. Depression, low mood, and fatigue are also associated with pain in the back.

▶ Lower back pain treatments

Physical Therapy

The exercise is a good treatment for severe lower back irritation. It’s one of the initial methods you can try with the aid of a physical therapist. The key here is consistency. Additionally, you can try good energies laser for back pain.


Physical therapy for lower back aches includes:

  • Meditation.
  • Tolerance checking of suffering.
  • Posture training.
  • Stretching exercises.
  • Strengthening of core.

It harms both mentally and physically. To avoid depression, anxiety, and annoyance, you must consult a rehabilitation psychologist. The psychologist may suggest meditation-based therapy that includes yoga and deep breathing techniques.


Diet is very important. You should stop eating high fats, refined sugars, and irritating foods. Some people manage to reduce their symptoms and affliction by changing their diet patterns.

Lifestyle Changes

If you’re suffering, it’s essential to recognize your barrier and adjust. Go with your body flow and listen to what your body needs. Be mindful of anything that causes suffering. It will help your back get better, but it can also stop the condition from progressing.

If you consume nicotine, it is the right time to quit smoking because it reduces body healing process.

Alternative Treatments

Massage, Acupuncture, and other spinal treatments can impact chronic back problem. Discuss with your spine physician regarding alternative therapies that may be beneficial.

Drug-based Treatments

Analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs, as well as muscle relaxants and other medicines, can be utilized to alleviate lower back problem. However, most of them have side effects that are not designed for long-term usage.

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▶ Lower left back pain

Lower left back issues have almost similar symptoms, causes, and treatment. The most common conditions have been discussed below:


▶ Lower left back pain causes

The most common reasons for lower left back pain are related to the muscles and bones. Below is a list of the more common conditions that can lead to lower back pain right side.

  • Soft tissue damage.
  • Damage to the spinal column, including discs or facet joints in the spine.
  • An illness that damages inner organs, such as kidneys or intestines.
  • Injuries to soft tissues of ligaments or muscles which keep the spine straight.
  • Soft tissue damage.
  • Damage to the spinal column
  • Lower back issue arising from spinal column injury is generally caused by
  • Herniated lumbar discs
  • Osteoarthritis of the facet joints
  • Sacroiliac joints are flawed.

The lower left back sore can manifest due to an issue with abdominal organs like:

  • Infection in kidneys
  • stones in kidney
  • Pancreatitis
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Gynecological issues like endometriosis and fibroids

The torture you experience could be the result of an illness that is serious. Take instant medical care If you suffer from:

  • An unusual strength in the lower body
  • There is a tingling sensation in your lower body
  • Nausea.
  • Vomit.
  • Suffocation.
  • lightheadedness.
  • Uncertainty.
  • Chills.
  • Cold
  • Aching urine.
  • Blood in urine.
  • Incontinence.
  • Lower left back pain treatment:

Take a day or two off from hard routine. Avoid activities or postures that can cause discomfort.

OTC medicine

Over the counter (OTC) medicines like Ibuprofen and naproxen.

Therapy with heat or ice

Cold packs can decrease swelling, and hotness can boost blood flow, reducing muscle pressure. Your doctor may prescribe:

Muscle relaxants

Chlorzoxazone and baclofen are typically used to ease spasms and muscle tension.


An injection of lumbar epidural steroids discharges steroids in the epidural space near the spinal root of the nerve.


The last option is surgery. Your doctor my suggest going for surgery if your aching persists.

▶ Lower right back pain

It can appear by several issues related to the bones, muscles, or nerves that run through the spine. Although experiencing this type of lower back pain can be a challenge. However, it’s usually not caused by a severe disease.

There are situations where lower back pain can be an indication of a more severe problem that requires urgent medical care, which may involve surgery.

Tumors and Spinal Cysts

Two possible causes are are spinal cysts as well as tumors. Cysts are caused by degenerative switching that happens in the spine. Tumors may develop as a result of changes in the cells.

A spinal cyst may press against a nerve root that connects to a different part of the human body. The pressure could result in the form of nerve affliction known as radiculopathy.

Radiculopathy symptoms include numbness, aching, weakness, or a pins and needles sensation that runs down the leg. There could also be discomfort and cramping when walking.

Spinal tumors, whether cancerous or not, can affect the spinal cord. The symptoms include back pain that radiates (spreads) to other parts, referred to as referred suffering .

It can also cause muscle weakness, trouble walking, a decrease in sensitivity to discomfort, and bladder or bowel incontinence.

Kidney Stones

A small kidney stone can cause suffering when it travels through your urinary tract. Because of the position of the kidneys, suffering due to kidney stones can be felt in the both sides. The suffering is intense. It may also cause abdominal discomfort, discomfort during urination, and even vomit.


They can also be the reason. Additionally, gallstones may cause sharp and instant discomfort in the upper abdomen below the breastbone between shoulder blades and the right shoulder. Vomiting or nausea are frequently reported.

Herniated Disc

The term “herniated disc” refers to the condition that occurs when the cushion that absorbs shock between two vertebrae (spinal bones) expands or breaks. In many instances, there is a liquid-like substance within the disc that may leak.

If other treatments don’t work well, it might get well through surgery.

Arthritis, Bone Spurs, and the Regional Pain

Facet joints are interrelated joints situated behind the spine. Together, they provide the backbone strength by restricting spinal movements. Each spinal level is comprised of two face joints. When spurs occur, facet joints can also occur.

If spurs begin to develop on the right side of the joint, they can cause lower right back pain. Other signs include weakness in the legs and numbness and electrical sensations that radiate through one leg.

Sacroiliac Joint Disorders

The Sacroiliac (SI) joint joins the pelvis with the sacrum, which is the triangular bone that connects the lower spine and the tailbone. The involuntary or locked movement between these joints (due to injury or other reasons) can also cause suffering.


Low back pain is typical for people with scoliosis in adulthood and is usually unilateral (occurring only on one side). Sciatica, as well as muscular spasms, are also usual.


Lower right back pain occurs typically due to muscle bones or issues related to nerves that involve the spine.

▶ How Do I Diagnose it?

The diagnosis of low back pain on the right side requires physical analysis and checking of the patient’s medical history. The doctor might go for an X-ray and Ct scan to look for problems in the spine.

A nerve conduction study can also show the doctor how electrical signals move through nerves.

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▶ Lower right back pain treatment

The lower right back pain treatment varies depending upon the severity Treatment options for low back pain may include:

  • Anti- Inflammatory drugs
  • Limited usage of opioid drugs
  • Therapy
  • Surgery

Does lower back pain on right and left side respond to similar treatments?

The short answer is no. Your doctor can answer this question after checking the area, symptoms, and density of your pain.

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